:: History of Kollegal Taluk ::
Kollegal one of the taluk of Chamarajanagar District. It lies to the East of Chamarajanagar. It is bordered/bounded by yelandur and T. Narsipur Taluks and to the west Mandya and Bangalore to the North, East and South it is bounded Dharamapuri District of Tamil Nadu sate. It Consists of 5 Hobli's named Kasaba, Ramapura, Hanur, palya, Lokkanahalli.
Till 1956 Kollegal Taluk belonged to Coimbatore District of Madras State. In the year 1956, based on language criteria when states were re-formed, Kollegal Taluk was integrated into Mysore District of Karnataka State. In the year 1997, Chamarajanagar District was created and kollegal taluk became part of this district.
It is stated that Kahala and Galava two saints had lived in this taluk. History states that this taluk got its name from these two saints. Maruleshwara and Kannikaparameshwari temples exists in the Kollegal Town. One can see lot of ruins or remains of Jain Basadi in many places of this Taluk. This place boasts of eminent persons like Jain Poet Pujyapadha, Sharana Madeshwara, Nijaguna Shivayogi and Muppina Shadakshari. At a distance of 10 KMS from Kollegal town in the village Chilakavadi one can find the Shambhu Lingeshwara Temple and also the Mandir/ Matt of Sharana Nijaguna Shivayogi. Every Year, a fair is held in the village for presiding deity of Shambhu Lingeshwara Temple. Nijaguna Shivayogi is an eminent Sharana Vidhwan and famous Kannada Poet. Malay Mahadeshwara Hills and Shambhu Lingeshwara Hillock is located in the taluk. In the Chikkalur Village one can find the Gaddhugay of Saint Siddappaji of Manteswamy fame. Every year a village fair is held in the name of Saint Siddappaji which attracts large number of people from far off places. The Sattegala village lies on the banks of Cauvery river and one can find a ruined ancient fort in the village.
Ecologically or Geographically Kollegal Taluk is an extension of the plains of Mysore. It lies to the South-East of Mysore Region. The Eastern Ghat section lies to the South-East of this Taluk. The Famous MMHills(Malay Mahadeshwara Hills) belongs to this Eastern Ghat region and lies in this taluk. The Cauvery river flows through this taluk in the North-West. Gaganachukkhi and Bharachukkhi water falls lies to the North-West of this taluk. The Water falls place is also known as Shivanasamudra. A part of which belongs to the neighbouring Mandya District and houses the oldest power generating Hydro-Electric station in India which has completed 100 years of its existance in the year 2006. The Palar river flows to the South-East of this taluk. The Suvarnavathi River which flows from Chamarajanagar and Yelandur Taluk in the West of this Taluk joins the Cauvery river. The Gundluhole river flows from the eastern side of BR Hills through the gorges and valleys formed by BR Hills and MMHills. Some of the other small rivers like Ulikoppahalla, Thattahalla and Uduthoreyhalla flows to the North-East along with Gundluhole and joins the Cauvery river in this taluk. Guliyuvanooruhalla and Mayalakkiyuruhalla , these two small rivers also join the Cauvery river in this taluk. Maydhagunooruhalla joins the Palar river in this taluk.
Statistics of the Kollegal Taluk
The extent of this taluk is 2786 SQ. KMS. This taluk has 140 villages out of which the habitated villages are 103 and Non-Habitated villages are 137. According to the 1991 census, the population of this taluk 3,04,600. The density of population per sq. kms is 109.
Rain and Crop
This taluk receives an average rainfall of 8.3 mts. The main crops grown by the farmers are paddy, Ragi. The other main cash crops are Sugarcane, Coconut, Sericulture etc. These crops are grown in this taluk mainly because of the many rivers flowing through this taluk.
MMHills: Mahadeshwara(Madeshwara) Hills is one of the most important piligrimage Centre of Karnataka State. It lies in the middle of the hills near to the Eastern Ghat Ranges and belongs to the Ramapura Hobli. It is at a distance of 80 Kms to the East of Kollegal and is at 3200 feet above Mean Sea level. According to the folklore songs and stories surrounding the presiding diety Mahadeshwara, the MMHills is made up of Seven (7) Hills. The MMHills Range is abounding with large number of Flora and Fauna. The Temple built in the name of Mahadeshwara is at the top of this Hill. According to the folklore the MMHills consists of 77 ranges namely Anemalay, Jaynumalay, Kadumalay, Pacchaymalay etc.
According to the Rock scripture/ enscriptions/engravings and copper plage engravings available at Suthur Matt, a Veerashaiva saint by name Mahadeshwara who lived in 14 and 15 century who lived in the Suthur Matt was reverred for his good deeds completed his life's journey on the Mahamalay range of MMhills . Since this person had done good deeds and his disciples, beneficiaries of his good deeds believed in his magical healing powers, they built a temple in his name in this region. The temple consists of a Gopura at the main entrance, and big Nandi idol can also be seen on the temple. One can also see many small temples in and around the main temple. Antharagangey which flows on the left side of the temple is believed to have never dried up and piligrims who visit this holy place take a dip in this river to cleanse themselves of the sins they have committed. Devotees flock to this place during Shivaratri, Ugadi, Gouri Ganesha Festival(Bhadhrapada Masa), Mahalaya Amavasya and Deepavali. During Chariot pulling festival/fair more than one lakh devotees from entire South india throng to this place to witness the event. Apart from this for every Amavasya the devotees throng to this temple to get the blessings of the diety. The Odeyar Dynasty have gifted many a things to this temple. The temple administration is maintained by the Muzari Department, Government of Karnataka. The Saloor Matt of the Veerashaiva sect plays a major role in conduct of the rituals of the temple during festival and fairs. The Eastern Ghats provides a scenic and Panaromic view of the ranges. One can find elephants, Bisons, Indian Gaur etc. in the forests of MMHils. The Alambadi fort lies on the banks of Cauvery river on the foot hills of the restricted forest area of MMHills. There is a small bullock cart road in the midst of the forest leading to Alambadi Fort. One can find an old Hanuman temple of Vijayanagar Empire time inside the fort and also of Ranganatha Swamy temple which is of 30 mtr length. The clay fort is built in a square shape and is believed to be built in 15 th Century with moat. Sathegala village in the taluk of Kollegal has many old temples. Busthipura village is said to be host of revered saint Jainayathi in the year 480.
Puttaswamaiah the father of Late Dr. Rajkumar the famous Kannada film actor hails from the Singanallur village of the Kollegal Taluk. S. Mahendar one of the famous Kannada movie director is from the Bandahalli village. The first Kannada Sahitya Sammelan of the old Mysore District was held on August 1972 in the taluk of Kollegal.